dexamethasone use in treating critically ill COVID-19 patients
An inexpensive and ubiquitous life-saving drug for coronavirus patients has been identified. According to British experts, small doses of dexamethasone steroid have been shown to be effective in treating coronavirus patients.
Dexamethasone is being tested in the world’s largest number of coronaviruses. The use of dexamethasone has been found to reduce coronary infections by one-third in patients on ventilators. Taking oxygen will reduce the risk of death by about 20 percent.
According to experts, dexamethasone could have saved as many as 5,000 lives in the UK if it had been used early in corona infections. Its use in poorer countries is said to be extremely beneficial in patients with Covid-19.
Dexamethasone has been used to cure 19 out of every 20 patients without hospitalization. Most were admitted to the hospital but recovered. But some needed oxygen or mechanical ventilation. The use of dexamethasone has been shown to be extremely useful in high-risk patients.
The drug has previously been used to reduce inflammation. Dexamethasone helps prevent damage to the body’s immune system when it is fighting the coronavirus. The body’s excessive response is called a cytokine storm.
In a trial led by Oxford University, dexamethasone was used in 2,000 hospitalized coronavirus patients. Similarly, 4,000 people were not given the medicine. “Patients on ventilators have been shown to reduce the risk of death by 40 to 28 percent, while those in need of oxygen have reduced the risk of death by 25 to 20 percent.” Professor Peter Horby, the lead researcher, said.
“Dexamethasone is the only drug that can reduce mortality, and it will significantly reduce mortality. This is the biggest success against Corona ever. ” He added. Professor Martin Landrey, who led the research, said every eight patients on a ventilator could be saved.
Dexamethasone has been in use since the 1960's. Dexamethasone is used in asthma, arthritis and rheumatoid arthritis. The medicine is given intravenously to the patient in the ICU. However, the drug can be given as a tablet in low risk patients. The supply of dexamethasone is limited, as is remedies. And its value is yet to be announced.